Six Hidden Signs of Hypertension

Ignore these warning signs … at your own peril!


Hypertension or high blood pressure is the culprit behind many serious heart diseases. It also increases the risk of stroke and kidney failure.


Most people aren’t aware that they suffer from hypertension. Which is why it is commonly referred to as a “silent killer”. It rarely shows any symptoms and is usually discovered through annual health checkups.


However, there are a few signs that indicate you may have hypertension or are at an increased risk of hypertension.  


  • Severe Headache: Hypertension creates pressure in the cranium as blood pressure increases to critical levels. This pain gets built up in the cranium and feels like a migraine or severe headache.


  • Blurred Vision: Hypertension can cause parts of the brain to swell. Swelling of the brain can cause blurred vision because this part of the brain has a direct nervous connection to the eyes.


  • Being Breathless: Hypertension increases pressure in the heart chambers, which causes the chambers to thicken. As the heart chambers thicken, there is less space for the blood inside the heart. This may result in a clustering of blood in the lungs, resulting in a feeling of breathlessness.


  • Fatigue & Difficulty Sleeping: Hypertension can weaken the inner organs as a result of increased pressure. The heart chambers thicken, which causes less blood to be pumped. Because blood supply is not sufficient in the body, it may lead to fatigue and sleepiness.  


  • Nausea: Increased hypertension can cause decreased blood circulation. As the chambers of the heart thicken, there’s less blood to pump out, which means less oxygenated blood is transported to the organs. Less oxygen supply to the brain can result in nausea.


  • Nose Bleed: This is also called epistaxis. If your nose starts to bleed occasionally and the bleeding worsens by the day, it may be a sign of severe hypertension. Consult a doctor immediately.


Each of the above-mentioned signs is an indicator of a health issue that requires medical attention. Signs of hypertensions are rare and, therefore, you should be particularly cautious when they appear. Because if they are present, it means the extent of hypertension is severe.


Lack of regular exercise, intake of fatty foods and having high salt & sugar in your diet increases your risk of hypertension. So, eat a healthy & balanced diet and exercise regularly.


- Dr. Harish KV, Consultant Internal Medicine, Apollo Clinic, Bangalore


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